Additional corporate governance information

Annual General Meeting

The shareholders assert the rights accorded to them by law and by the articles of association either before or during the Annual General Meeting by exercising their right to vote. Each share entitles the shareholder to one vote.

The Annual General Meeting takes place within the first six months of each financial year. Notice of the Annual General Meeting, together with the reports and documents required by law for the meeting, including the financial report, is published, along with the agenda for the meeting, the conditions governing participation, an overview of shareholder rights, forms for voting by post, plus shareholder counter-motions and nominations, on the Linde website in both German and English, and is thus easily accessible for shareholders. Notice of the Annual General Meeting and the associated documents may also be transmitted electronically to shareholders if they so wish.

Shareholders who are unable to attend the Annual General Meeting or who leave the meeting before voting has commenced have the option of exercising their vote through a proxy of their choice or a proxy appointed by the company who then votes in accordance with their instructions. Proxy forms may also be submitted in electronic form. Moreover, shareholders have the option of casting their votes without appointing a proxy in writing or using electronic media (ballot by mail).

The Executive Board of Linde AG presents the annual financial statements and Group financial statements, together with the combined management report, for approval at the Annual General Meeting. The Annual General Meeting passes resolutions regarding the appropriation of profits, the ratification of the acts of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board, the appointment of the auditors and generally also the election of shareholder representatives to the Supervisory Board. Decisions are also made at the Annual General Meeting about the content of the articles of association, key structural measures, capital measures and the authorisation to repurchase shares. The meeting has the opportunity to approve the remuneration system for Executive Board members. Once the Annual General Meeting has closed, the results of the votes on each agenda item are published on the Company’s website without delay.

Consequential loss and liability insurance

The company has taken out consequential loss and directors and officers liability insurance (D & O) for the members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board. For members of the Executive Board, the retention in accordance with legal rules is 10 percent of the claim, up to a figure of one and a half times the fixed annual emoluments of the Board member in question. An appropriate retention has been agreed for members of the Supervisory Board in accordance with the recommendation set out in the German Corporate Governance Code.

Directors’ dealings

Linde AG publishes without delay as stipulated by law transactions subject to notification under § 15a of the German Securities Trading Act (WpHG) which have been executed by the persons named therein, in particular transactions carried out by members of the executive bodies of the company and related parties involving shares in the company or related financial instruments. The transactions reported to Linde AG in the past financial year can be accessed on the company’s website.

Interests in share capital

The total holdings of all the members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board in Linde AG shares or related financial instruments during the financial year did not exceed 1 percent of the shares issued by the company. On 31 December 2015, Executive Board members held a total of 174,000 shares and share options in Linde AG (0.094 percent of shares issued), while Supervisory Board members held a total of 9,000 shares and share options in Linde AG (0.005 percent of shares issued).

Remuneration of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board

The remuneration report, which also includes information on the share-based emoluments, can be found in chapter Remuneration report of this financial report.

Communications and stakeholder relations

Linde AG complies with the legal requirement to treat all its shareholders equally. Transparency plays an important role and the company always aims to provide shareholders and the public with comprehensive, consistent and up-to-date information. Linde makes extensive use of the Internet as a reporting tool. Comprehensive facts and figures about Linde are available online. Interested parties can subscribe to an electronic newsletter on the company’s website or keep up to date on the latest Linde developments via social media.

A financial calendar, which is also published on Linde AG’s website, keeps our shareholders and the general public informed about the dates of the company’s main recurring publications, the Annual General Meeting, the Press Conference on the annual results and analyst conferences. Linde AG publishes ad-hoc announcements, press releases and notifiable securities transactions (directors’ dealings) in the media specified by the law and on its website. The company’s articles of association are also available on its website. Four times in the financial year, Linde reports to its shareholders on its business performance, the net assets, financial position and results of operations of the Group, the forecast for the future, and opportunities and risks. Linde provides information to the capital market and to the public every quarter through analysts conferences and press conferences or in the form of teleconferences. These coincide with the publication of quarterly, half-year and annual results. Regular events where the CEO and CFO meet institutional investors and financial analysts also ensure a continual exchange of information with the financial markets. Linde also regularly arranges Capital Market Days, featuring presentations and workshops. Executive Board members and in-house experts provide institutional investors and financial analysts with information on the latest developments in strategic markets and divisions. The dates and locations of roadshows, investors conferences and Capital Market Days are published on the Linde website. The presentations given at these events are also available to view on the website, which additionally contains video and audio recordings of major events.

Linde considers not only the interests of its shareholders but also the concerns of its stakeholders, who are a key element in the Group’s success. As far as possible, all stakeholders are included in corporate communications. Linde’s stakeholders include all its employees, customers and suppliers, as well as trade associations and government bodies.

Accounting, audit and risk management

Linde AG prepares its Group financial statements and the Group half-year financial report and interim financial reports in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union. The preparation of the statutory annual financial statements of Linde AG, on which the dividend payment is based, complies with German Commercial Code (HGB). The annual financial statements and the Group financial statements are prepared by the Executive Board, examined by the Supervisory Board and audited by the auditors. As obliged by law, the members of the Executive Board confirm that, to the best of their knowledge, the annual financial statements, the Group financial statements and the combined management report provide a true and fair view, describing the main opportunities and risks associated with the likely future development of the Group and the Company. The audit procedures are in accordance with German auditing regulations and German generally accepted standards for the audit of financial statements promulgated by the Institut der Wirtschaftsprüfer (the Institute of Public Auditors in Germany) and, in the case of the Group financial statements, in supplementary compliance with International Standards on Auditing. The audit procedures also include a review of the system for the early identification of risks. The Audit Committee meets the Executive Board to discuss the interim and half-year financial reports in detail prior to publication.

In May 2015, the Supervisory Board issued the mandate for the audit of the annual financial statements and Group financial statements to KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft, Berlin, who had been appointed at the Annual General Meeting as auditors of the annual financial statements and Group financial statements for the 2015 financial year and had also been appointed to conduct audit reviews of the interim and half-year financial reports for the 2015 financial year. Since the preparation of the 2015 annual financial statements and Group financial statements, the Global Lead Partner from KPMG has been Mr Harald von Heynitz. The auditors issued a detailed declaration confirming their independence to the Audit Committee of the Supervisory Board. There were no conflicts of interest. It was agreed with the auditors that the Chairman of the Supervisory Board and the Chairman of the Audit Committee would be informed immediately during the audit of any potential reasons for the disqualification of the auditors or for their lack of impartiality, unless these could be eliminated without delay. The auditors were obliged to report immediately all the significant audit findings and events arising from the audit that have an impact on the duties of the Supervisory Board. The auditors have also undertaken to inform the Supervisory Board if they discover facts in the course of their audit which reveal any inaccuracies in the company’s declaration of compliance with the German Corporate Governance Code.

Linde has reporting, monitoring and risk management systems in place which are continually being updated and adapted by the Executive Board to take account of changing circumstances. The internal audit department performs reviews at regular intervals of the efficiency and effectiveness of the risk management system and the internal control system. The auditors also assess the system in place for the early identification of risk and provide regular reports on their findings at a global level to the Executive Board and Supervisory Board. Additionally, the Audit Committee supports the Supervisory Board in monitoring the activities of executive management and also deals with risk management issues in this context. It receives regular reports from the Executive Board about risk management, the risk position, and the identification and monitoring of risks. In addition, it is informed on a regular basis about existing risks and the evolution of those risks. Moreover, the Audit Committee has agreed with the auditors that, if necessary, they will report to the Committee any significant weaknesses that they identify in the internal control system in relation to the accounting process and in the system for the early identification of risks. Further details about risk management in The Linde Group are provided in the Opportunity and risk report. This includes the report on the accounting-related internal control system.